Z historii hazardu we Francji — boson

Moja notka o polskiej chorobie faraońskiej przypomniala mi o znaczeniu hazardu w historii. I choć zorganizowany hazard powstał wprawdzie w Wenecji (tj. pierwsze kasyno w w Europie), ale to Francuzi nadali mu wyższy status: „W maju 1539 r., po raz pierwszy we Francji, Franciszek I usankcjonował pewną formę hazardu. Nadał kontrahentowi prawo organizacji loterii, zwanej „blanque” […]

via Z historii hazardu we Francji — boson

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  1. boson napisał(a):

    Although the English probably first experimented with raffles and similar games of chance, the first recorded official lottery was chartered by Queen Elizabeth I, in the year 1566, and was drawn in 1569. This lottery was designed to raise money for the „reparation of the havens and strength of the Realme, and towardes such other publique good workes”. Each ticket holder won a prize, and the total value of the prizes equalled the money raised. Prizes were in the form of silver plate and other valuable commodities. The lottery was promoted by scrolls posted throughout the country showing sketches of the prizes.[3]

    Thus, the lottery money received was an interest free loan to the government during the three years that the tickets (‚without any Blankes’) were sold. In later years, the government sold the lottery ticket rights to brokers, who in turn hired agents and runners to sell them. These brokers eventually became the modern day stockbrokers for various commercial ventures. Most people could not afford the entire cost of a lottery ticket, so the brokers would sell shares in a ticket; this resulted in tickets being issued with a notation such as „Sixteenth” or „Third Class”.

    Many private lotteries were held, including raising money for The Virginia Company of London to support its settlement in America at Jamestown. The English State Lottery ran from 1694 until 1826. Thus, the English lotteries ran for over 250 years, until the government, under constant pressure from the opposition in parliament, declared a final lottery in 1826. This lottery was held up to ridicule by contemporary commentators as „the last struggle of the speculators on public credulity for popularity to their last dying lottery”.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lottery#England,_1566–1826

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