Biedna Klementyna, czyli „polska” wiki

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  1. boson napisał(a):

    „The Pope then leased from the Marchese Muti and refurbished one of the largest palaces then available in Rome, which had rooms suitable for a royal court as well as a garden, and placed it at the young couple’s disposal [tj. dla Klementyny i Jakuba]. Thereafter, it was called the Palazzo del Re and stands at the northern end of the Piazza dei Santissimi Apostoli. By coincidence, it was next door to the Palazzo Odescalchi, vacated just five years before by Clementina’s grandmother, Queen Marie-Casimire of Poland, the destructive but much-adored wife of King John III. …

    Finally, at midnight on 3 September 1719, Bishop Sebastiano Bonaventura celebrated the marriage of the thirty-one-year-old James Francis Edward Stuart, rightful King of Scotland, England and Ireland, the only son and heir of King James VII & II by Princess Mary d’Este, daughter of Alphonso IV, Duke of Modena, and the seventeen-year-old Princess Marie-Clementina Sobieska, daughter of Crown Prince James Louis Sobieski of Poland and Princess Hedwig Elisabeth of Bavaria-Neuburg. In London, the outwitted George I and his Hanoverian government fumed in impotent rage.”

    Pininski, Peter. Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Life

  2. boson napisał(a):

    „Shortly after, James became embroiled in another Jacobite conspiracy, this time centred on London itself – testimony to the deep dissatisfaction felt even in the capital of the Hanoverian Whig administration. It was organised under the leadership of the London lawyer Christopher Layer and, in England, included the Duke of Norfolk, the Earls of Orrery and Stafford, Lords Bathurst and Lansdowne, as well as Sir Henry Goring and Sir William Wyndham. Others were the Earl of Mar and General Dillon in Scotland and the Earl of Arran in Ireland. But the long-famous Stuart bad luck struck again. Just at this time, the supportive Pope Clement XI died and was replaced by the hostile Innocent XIII. In desperate need of a financing source, James turned to the French regent, the Duke of Orléans. But he had long held a petty-minded grudge against the Stuarts and promptly informed the British government, albeit on condition that no one involved would be executed as a consequence. The Hanoverians promised, then broke their word.”

    Pininski, Peter. Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Life

  3. boson napisał(a):

    „From the Castle of Żółkiew on 1 March 1735, Prince James wrote to the Tsarina Anne of: the tragic death and loss to me of Clementina, the Queen of His British Royal Highness, my most beloved daughter for whom I will grieve throughout eternity, who on the 18th of January, by the will of our Lord, left this Earth. She has however left me, her desperate father, the particular consolation of her two sons, my most beloved grandsons, whom into your Imperial Majesty’s protection I humbly ask you receive, that through the intervention of your all-powerful Imperial Majesty they might receive the indygenat at the next session of the Polish Parliament.

    Terminated by the old prince’s death, nothing ever came of his plans.”

    Pininski, Peter. Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Life

  4. boson napisał(a):

    „Cardinal, Duke of York, known by the Jacobites as „Henry IX, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland”; born at Rome, 11 March, 1725; died at Frascati, 13 July, 1807. He was the second son of James Francis Edward Stuart, the Chevalier de St. George, and Clementina, daughter of Prince James Sobieski. In 1745, when hopes of a Stuart restoration ran high, he visited France, hoping to embark with French troops to the assistance of his brother Charles Edward. Having spent several months at Dunkirk without effect, he returned to Rome with the intention of entering the ecclesiastical state. In 1747, at the age of twenty-two, he was created cardinal, and during the following year he received Holy Orders, being ordained priest on 1 September. He was immediately made archpriest of the Vatican Basilica, and shortly afterwards cardinal camerlengo. In November, 1759, he was consecrated titular Archbishop of Corinth, and on 13 July, 1761, became Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati. Being sincerely pious and earnest, he proved a zealous administrator of his see, reforming the clergy, and founding a seminary which he endowed with a magnificent library. At the French Revolution he lost his French benefices, sacrificed many other resources to assist the pope, and finally was reduced to poverty by the seizure of his Frascati property by the French. Old and infirm, he fled to Padua and thence to Venice. King George III then came to his assistance, aiding him with a life-annuity till he was able to return to Frascati in 1800. In return for this kindness the cardinal bequeathed to the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV, the crown jewels of James II. In September, 1803, he became Bishop of Ostia and Velletri, and Dean of the Sacred College, though he still resided at Frascati. At his death the Stuart papers in his possession were bought by George IV for the Royal Library, and others are now in the British Museum. There are three pictures of him in the National Portrait Gallery, London, and one at Blairs College, Aberdeen.”

  5. ProvoCatio napisał(a):

    @ boson

    dobre spostrzeżenie. polska wiki, a angielska wiki, to dwie różne wiki.

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Dla triumfu zła potrzeba tylko, żeby dobrzy ludzie nic nie robili- E. Burke.
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